IMAGES From Nostalgiaville
TENNESSEE-
OAK RIDGE
, TN- 5/21/98

Do you have information to provide?
Your help is needed to make this site better for all the people inside and outside of ANDERSON County, Tennessee.  We are particularly interested in documenting the history of ANDERSON  County.  If you have useable information we are anxious to publish it on this site or will provide a link if you have it already posted on the net. Many thanks.

NOTE: A Click of your Mouse on most of the pictures will enlarge them for better viewing

OAK RIDGE, TENNESSEE wpeC0B.jpg (6961 bytes) wpeC0C.jpg (6969 bytes)

 

HISTORY of OAK RIDGE
wpeBD1.jpg (23867 bytes) THE ROBERTSVILLE COMMUNITY
The Robertsville community was settled in 1804 by Collins Roberts, who had received a 4,000+ acre land grant in this region.  Robertsville was one of four communities in the area that predated Oak Ridge.  The community was dispersed in 1942 when the land was acquired by the federal government.  The area now comprises most of the central portion of Oak Ridge.
wpeBE5.jpg (24307 bytes) CASTLE ON THE HILL
The Administration Building for the Clinton Engineering Works opened March 15, 1943.  Dubbed "The Castle," it became headquarters for the Manhattan Engineering District, U S Army Corps of Engineers, from which all Manhattan Project construction was directed, 1943-1945.  The Atomic Energy Commission assumed control of the property on January 1, 1947.  "The Castle" was demolished and replaced by the Federal Building in 1970.
wpeBCC.jpg (26921 bytes) OAK RIDGE
In 1945, Oak Ridge was created as the residential center for the Clinton Engineering Works.  Located on the northeast corner of a 59,000 acre reservation acquired by the government.  In 1942, the community was designed by Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill, architects.  In 1945, Oak Ridge reached a peak population of 73,000.   On January 1, 1947, the Atomic Energy Commission assumed control of the community.   In 1959, Oak Ridge became an incorporated municipality.

 

OAK RIDGE BEFORE 1942:
City is nestled in the Cumberland Mountains of East Tennessee. Oak Ridge did not exist until 1942
Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, Germany declared war on the United States
Germany was known to be experimenting with the splitting of uranium atoms
President Roosevelt initiated the top secret Manhattan Project to build a bomb before the Germans could
General Leslie Groves was chosen to head the Project
1942:
In September 1942, Groves picked a 60,000 acre tract in East Tennessee for three production facilities
The site was known locally as Black Oak Ridge
As many as 80,000 construction workers were used on the project
Three mystery plants known only as K-25, Y-12, and X-10 were built
Housing for thousands of workers for the plants were also built
At the height of construction contractors were completing houses at the rate of one every 30 minutes
1943:
In mid-1943, Oak Ridge's first permanent residents arrived
Originally planned for a population of 13,000, the city grew to 75,000 in less than three years
Security was tight and no one over 12 entered or left without an identification badge
People were prohibited from discussing their work
J-25 and Y-12 plants were massive facilities responsible for enriching uranium
X-10 housed a nuclear reactor that was a prototype for the Hanford, Washington Facility
The reactor produced plutonium in Hanford
Bombs were made from uranium and plutonium
1945:
Germany surrendered in May 1945
Japan's continued war effort resulted in the first atomic bomb being dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945
A second bomb destroyed the seaport of Nagasaki on August 9th
Five days later the Japanese surrendered, ending World War II
With the end of the war, the people of Oak Ridge successfully adapted  their wartime skills to peacetime applications.
The city of Oak Ridge was incorporated in 1959

more Oak Ridge information

DOWNTOWN OAK RIDGE
wpeA41.jpg (50218 bytes)
OAK RIDGE TOUR MAP
Located one block off Oak Ridge Turnpike on S Tulane
Presents the Oak Ridge Story
City built in 1942 as part to the World War II Manhattan Project
Age of the Automobile exhibit chronicles the history of the car
wpeA1F.jpg (9986 bytes) wpeBCA.jpg (3560 bytes) wpeBC7.jpg (4236 bytes)
wpeA26.jpg (8356 bytes) wpeA22.jpg (9375 bytes) wpeBC8.jpg (4099 bytes) wpeBC9.jpg (3972 bytes)
American Museum of Science and Energy (Tour Map #2)
Located on Edgemoor Road
One of the world's largest and most efficient coal-fired generating plants

wpeBFA.jpg (5467 bytes)

Located one block N of Oak Ridge Turnpike to N Illinois Ave then one mile E on Outer Drive
A display of Appalachian cultural heritage, the arts, and natural science and history
Exhibits also include traveling collections from the Smithsonian and other sources

Bull Run Steam Plant (Tour Map #9)

Children's Museum (Tour Map #8)

wpeA21.jpg (5449 bytes)

Houses the Graphite Reactor
Reactor is the first nuclear reactor to operate continuously
Is a National Historic Landmark

wpeA23.jpg (5113 bytes)

Honors Manhattan Project workers
The Graphite Reactor (Tour Map #6) International Friendship Bell and Pavilion
Located on Bethel Road
Is the nations largest and most diverse energy research and development institution
Located one block N of Oak Ridge Turnpike turn right on Tyler Road and one block to Tennessee Ave
Area was the original downtown Oak Ridge
It was constructed during the Manhattan Project
Retail stores are featured in park
A centerpiece is a fountain and kiosks with photos of early Oak Ridge

wpeA24.jpg (6825 bytes)

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Tour Map #5) Jackson Square Historic Park

Oak Ridge Museum of Fine Arts (Tour Map #3)

oakri70.jpg (24394 bytes)wpeBD0.jpg (16860 bytes)

wpeC09.jpg (5754 bytes)

Located on Highway 58
The worlds largest original nuclear facility
An overlook of the plant features exhibits and an audiovisual display
Oak Ridge Civic Center Oak Ridge Barrens Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant (Tour Map #7)
Located 5 miles E of Oak Ridge Turnpike on Illinois Ave
Is a forestry experiment station designed for research and education
Has many scenic trails winding through forest
Features over 2500 species of trees, shrubs, and flowering plants

wpeA3C.jpg (85943 bytes)

wpeBCD.jpg (7713 bytes)

wpeA3F.jpg (6598 bytes)

wpeA3E.jpg (6071 bytes)

University of Tennessee Arboretum

wpeBCB.jpg (5493 bytes)
Opened: July 30, 1943
Closed:
Still Operating
oak_ri63.jpg (5811 bytes)
 OAK RIDGE POST OFFICE  OAK RIDGE PUBLIC LIBRARY

 

CLUBS & ORGANIZATIONS of OAK RIDGE
wpeBA8.jpg (3555 bytes) wpeBA9.jpg (4939 bytes) wpeBAA.jpg (4306 bytes) wpeBAB.jpg (4657 bytes) wpeBAC.jpg (4142 bytes)
KIWANIS ROTARY CIVITAN SERTOMA ALTRUSA
wpeBAD.jpg (4365 bytes) wpeBAE.jpg (3577 bytes) wpeBB4.jpg (4647 bytes) wpeBE2.jpg (4005 bytes)
PILOT MASONS   LIONS
c2.jpg (21230 bytes) a12a.jpg (25376 bytes)
Building Erected 1958
oakri95.jpg (17544 bytes)
BPOE Lodge 1684 Masonic Faith Lodge 752 Moose Lodge
wpeBC0.jpg (6603 bytes) oakri50.jpg (24494 bytes) oakri97.jpg (23994 bytes)
Oak Ridge Senior Center Army Reserve Center Tennessee National Guard

 

CHURCHES in OAK RIDGE

wpeBEB.jpg (23664 bytes)

THE CHAPEL-ON-THE-HILL
Built in 1943 near the main business district (Jackson Square), this standard Army chapel was soon known within the Manhattan Project as "The Chapel-on-the-Hill."   On 30 September, 1943, it was dedicated for Jewish, Catholic, and Protestant worship.  The United Church, a non-denominational congregation founded 16 July, 1943, purchased the chapel in 1955 and continues to worship here.  More than 4,000 weddings were celebrated in this ecumenical chapel during the first fifty years.
wpeBDA.jpg (22399 bytes) oakri37.jpg (23552 bytes) wpeC07.jpg (15017 bytes)
Calvary Baptist Church Calvary Lighthouse Church Central Baptist Church
a5.jpg (26692 bytes) c9a.jpg (35304 bytes) wpeBFE.jpg (22024 bytes)
Christian Outreach Assembly of God Christian Science Society Church Covenant Presbyterian Church
wpeBF2.jpg (23863 bytes) wpeBC6.jpg (26261 bytes) oakri7.jpg (26550 bytes)
Faith Baptist Church Faith Lutheran Church First Assembly of God
a18.jpg (27617 bytes)
Abandoned
b2small.jpg (10832 bytes) a14a.jpg (29037 bytes)
Organized 1954
Building Erected 1956
First Baptist Church First Christian Church First Cumberland Presbyterian Church
oak ri2small.jpg (8305 bytes) oakri54.jpg (30220 bytes) wpeBF0.jpg (20118 bytes)
First Free Will Baptist Church   First United Methodist Church Glenwood Baptist Church

Established 2004
100C Adams Lane
c13a.jpg (29444 bytes) c15a.jpg (27135 bytes)
Grace Covenant Church Grace Lutheran Church Highland View Church of Christ
oakri34.jpg (22614 bytes) oakri56.jpg (25942 bytes) wpeBF7.jpg (27144 bytes)
Building Erected 1950
 Kern Memorial United Methodist Church Kingdom Hall Jehovah Church New York Avenue Church of Christ
wpeBBF.jpg (23225 bytes) wpeBFD.jpg (27014 bytes) wpeBD4.jpg (19712 bytes)
 Oak Ridge Alliance Church Oak Ridge Church of Christ Oak Ridge Church of God
c19a.jpg (29701 bytes) a7.jpg (23755 bytes) oakri43.jpg (24627 bytes)
 Power House Ministries Church Robertsville Baptist Church Seventh Day Adventist Church
wpeBB8.jpg (18042 bytes) wpeBEA.jpg (19507 bytes) oakri60.jpg (28817 bytes) oakri4.jpg (30589 bytes)
 Saint Mary's Church & School United Methodist Church St Stephens Episcopal Church Trinity United Methodist Church
wpeBFC.jpg (18153 bytes)      
Woodland Park Baptist Church      

 

SCHOOLS in OAK RIDGE

wpeBFB.jpg (5971 bytes)

wpeBE9.jpg (4237 bytes)

c23a.jpg (17023 bytes)

wpeBD3.jpg (21679 bytes)

Roane State Community College

Jefferson Middle School

Robertsville Middle School

 

HOSPITALS in OAK RIDGE

oakri62.jpg (22937 bytes)

Methodist Medical Center

 

PARKS in OAK RIDGE
oak_ri80.jpg (6603 bytes)
14 Lighted Tennis Courts
wpeBEC.jpg (5023 bytes)
Football Field
Soccer Field
a9.jpg (27039 bytes)
Alvin K Bissel Park Blankenship Field Big Turtle Park
oakri47.jpg (23317 bytes)
Picnic Area- Playground- Ball Field- 
Walk/Jog Track
wpeBF4.jpg (4784 bytes)
Playground- Picnic Area
wpeBD5.jpg (3872 bytes) wpeBE1.jpg (5048 bytes)
Ball Fields
Cedar Hill Park Highland View Park King Community Field
oak_ri64.jpg (7352 bytes)
Soccer Field- Playground
wpeC05.jpg (23126 bytes) wpeBF3.jpg (4266 bytes)
8 Lighted Tennis Courts- Horseshoe Pits
Milt Dickens Park Municipal Swimming Pool Park

 

VISITOR CENTERS in OAK RIDGE

Located one block S of Oak Ridge Turnpike on S Tulane
Is next to the American Museum of Science and Energy
Provides area maps and information

wpeA23.jpg (6126 bytes)

oakri82.jpg (21313 bytes)

Oak Ridge Visitors Welcome Center

 

BEGINNING PAGE STATES HOME PAGE
Become a Member Add us to Your Favorites E-Mail Us

Travel Site Map