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Stonehaus Winery - Located I-40, Exit 320
- Open 7 days a week, year around County's first licensed winery in 20th century
- Free wine tasting and tours
- Complex includes Cheese Pantry, Antiques and Gift Shop
- Halcyon Restaurant
- Guided educational tours through winery every hour
- Gift shop
- Homemade fudge
- 40 kinds of domestic and imported cheese, homemade bread, cookies
Runway length, 5400 ft
Asphalt runways
Sparta Hwy
Longest Runway: 5,400 Ft
Runway Lights: Yes
Radio Communications: Unicom
Crossville Airport - Crossville Crossville Flying Service Inc Crossville Memorial
Bike Route (Old State Hwy Rd)
Directions are from north to south
Leave Hwy 127 at Old State Highway Rd
Nice paved road
Expansive valley and mountain views
Cross Daddys Creek
Take pictures of old mill pond and scenic creek
Rolling hills with OK scenery
Reach intersection of Brown Rd from left
Road widens and begins moderate hill climb
Lots of shade and trees
Finally reach top of rise
Start long descent down mountain
Peeks at valley through abundant trees
Sharp hair-pin curves
Stop and notice the almost deafening quiet
Civilization looms at the end of long down-hill
Follow scenic creek through narrow valley
Mountains close on the right
Rolling hills
Great creek views
End at Parham Chapel Methodist Church, built 1907
Bike Route (Flat Rock/Erasmus Rd)
Route description from south to north
Start at intersection Flynns Cove and Flat Rock Road
Gravel road
Steady down hill from entry point
Thick pine trees line both sides of road
Pass Bolin Cemetery on right
Shaded picnic tables and outdoor toilets at cemetery
Descend to non-scenic creek crossing
Climb long hill
Trees open to broad valley scene
Nice mountains to right
Pass a few houses with more valley scenes
Take right fork at intersection
Cross scenic creek (P# 53C)
Rolling hills
Pass a few more houses
Encounter open clear-cut area
A good example of BAD lumbering practice
More endless rolling hills
End at appx 7 miles on Taylor Chapel Road
Bike Route (Hebbertsburg Rd)
Travel from south to north
Leave Crab Orchard on Hebbertsburg Rd
Paved road
Medium hills
Lots of trees
Scenic valley and mountain views
A few picturesque creek crossings
Turns to gravel road about Hebbertsburg
Trees become more abundant
Great shade
Enter state forest area
Take a right where road forks
Nice open field views
Road becomes paved again at Orchard Mtn Rd intersection
Complete loop at Hebbertsburg
Head back to Crab Orchard
Bike Route (Owl Roost Road)
Tower at Top ( 3B)
Start at Tower on top of mountain
Narrow, smooth, paved road all the way
Not much wider than good bicycle trail
Gentle descent for a half mile past Cel-phone tower
Steep descent, sharp curves next .7 mi
Great shade
Nice valley views through trees
Levels off then drops steeply
Lots of good 4-wheeler trails lead off road
Turns to moderate slope into valley
Reach cross roads at appx 3 miles
If route were reversed
Would be classified an extreme challenge route to top
Take left road loop for great mountain views

Rolling hills A few scattered houses
Right fork heads toward Crab Orchard
Rolling Hills with sharp turns
Great valley views through trees
Arrive at road fork
Left fork
Moderate hills
More houses
Valley views
Stay straight
Rolling hills
Pass abandoned rock quarry on left
Nice lake in quarry with blue-green water
Cross I-40 and end route in picturesque Crab Orchard
Rail Bed Bicycle Trail
Starts at Tie Yard in middle of Crab Orchard
Very scenic trail possibilites
Runs near Hwy 70
Needs some work to make into a great bicycle/people trail
A great asset to attract tourists to area
Trail users are upper income people who spend money when they travel
Would make a great cause for bicycle enthusiasts in area
City and county governments should back trail upgrades
Bike Route (Yonside Drive)
Scenic loop
Enter Yonside Dr from Main St
Narrow, smooth paved, one way road
Looks like a bicycle path
Encounter steep down-hill
Drops through scenic woods
Encounter nice well kept houses
Pass sharp curve
Scenic glimpses of Lake Laura
Easy going with mini hills around lake
Come to dam with head on lake scene
Good picture spot
Turn right on Lake Rd
Get ready for a B-A-D up-hill
Pass Uplands Nursing Home on right
Make another right on Main St back to starting point
Lake Alice (Hiking trail)
Enter trail north off Lake Rd
Dirt 4-wheeler road angles off Lake Rd
Trail suitable for bicycles to head of lake
Deep silent woods both sides trail
Glimpses of pristine lake with no houses
Near head of lake find an upper pond
May have to search for continuation of trail
Trail narrows
Pass head of lake
Cross over rocky creek bed
Nice picture spot Abundant lake vistas
Pass by dam on left
Good open lake view from dam
Intersect Yonside Rd
Great view of Lake Laura across dam
Left on Yonside to Lake Rd
Left on Lake short distance to start
Enrolls appx 800 students 332 Cumberland Plaza
Crossville State Area Vocational-Technical School - Crossville Roane State Community College
1404 N Main St
332 Cumberland Plz
Pomona Rd
Templar Theological Seminary Tenn Tech Crossville Ctr Lbry University Of Tennessee
U S Highways State Highways
I-40, 70N, 127 1, 24, 28, 62, 68, 101, 298, 299
All Indian territory prior to 1805
Land for county came from Cherokee Indians in Tellico Treaty, 1805
County established November 16, 1855
Organized April 7, 1856
Formed from White, Bledsoe, Rhea, Morgan, Fentress, and Putnam Counties
Named in honor of the Duke of Cumberland
Crossville is county seat
First deed conveyed 1857
$50.00 paid for 100 acres
Three fourths of land owned by absentee landowners before Civil War
No gravel roads in county, 1924
First land grant Issued by North Carolina 1796
Only two land grants issued in county
Land located in Crab Orchard area
Issued to Stockley Donelson and William Tyrell
Donelson did not settle on land
Cumberland Homesteads Project
Designated a National Historic District
Developed in 1930's
One aim of plan was to attract more people to a sparsely populated area
250 families worked together on project
Part of Roosevelt's New Deal to combat the Great Depression
Visited by Eleanor Roosevelt
Tower Museum
Completed 1938
Four large rooms housed administrative offices of project
Tower wall covers a water tank
Displays concerning history of project
Collections of photos, documents and artifacts of the 30's and 40's are displayed
Has winding stairs and viewport at top
Museum opened 1984
Whole complex listed on National Historic Register
Located near Crab Orchard
Provides panoramic view of Grassy Cove, Rhea and Roane Counties
Overlooks Rhea County and parts of Sequatchie Valley
Black Mountain Hinch Mountain
Overlook Devil's Breakfast Table
Cumberland Cove Potter's Ford
Communities Named for People
Dorton, Vandever, Woody, Hedgecoth, Taylor's Chapel, Welob's Chapel, Hale's Chapel
Bakers Crossroads
Geographical Feature Names
Gravelly Spur, Devil Step Hollow, Periwinkle Spring, Dripping Springs, Black Drowning Creek
Owl's Roost Rd, Wolf Den Branch, Panther Creek, Snake Den Creek, Otter Creek
Buckhorn Knob, Bear Creek, Big Buck Creek
Laurel Branch, Grapevine Hollow, Thorny Mountain, Brushy Knob, Black Gum Branch, Peavine
Slatey Knob, Clear Creek, Funnel Branch, Neverfail Creek, One Mile Creek, Three Mile Creek
No Business Creek, How Come You Creek, Daddy's Creek, Mammy's Creek
Fall Creek Falls Inn Built by the widow Haley 1807
Married Robert Burke
Sidnor's Stand Located at base of Spencer's Hill
Built 1800
Replaced by Crab Orchard Inn 1827
Replacement built by Robert Burke Remained a landmark in community for 50 years
Graham's Stand Located at Grimes Ford on Obed River
Built early 1800's
Sometimes called Grime's Stand
Another Inn built on opposite side of river
Haley's Stand Built by David Haley
Located on Piney Creek
Miller's Stand Located at Caney Ford
Kemmer's Stand Located a mile west of Daddy's Creek
Eastland's Stand Located beyond Pilot Knob
Johnson's Stand Located at head of Caney Fork
Was a log cabin built by Robert Johnson
New building erected 1806
Oldest building in county still standing
Lowery's Stand Became largest in County
Had main inn and 13 log cabins
Avery Trace Followed old Indian trail named Tallonteeskee
Peter Avery hired as guide to establish trail
Trail ran from Rockwood, through Monterey, and on to Nashville
Trail cleared to 10 feet wide
25 families crossed on trail, 1787
Walton Road First road built in county
Made turnpike by State Legislature, 1801
Road to be 15 feet wide, 12 feet between bridges and hills
Tolls were set
No Indians to pay tolls
Emory Road Second road built in county
Competed with Walton for revenue
Sometimes called Marchbanks Turnpike
Started Knoxville, crossed Morgan Co, near Wartburg, on to Carthage
Burke Road Linked Nashville, Lebanon, Sparta
Built 1822
Connected Walton Road with the Great Stage Rd
Gordon Rd Built as part of a "Military " road
A grant for 3000 acres awarded for road to General George Gordon, 1829
Started Post Oak Springs in Roane Co Entered Cumberland Co north of Fall Creek, through Grassy Cove to Great Stage Rd
Dr Thomas Walker An early explorer in area, 1748
Named area mountains Cumberland
Thomas "Big Foot" Spencer Sign (15C) First visited Middle Tennessee 1778
Was first white man to clear land, plant corn and build a cabin
Was ambushed and killed by Indians near Crab Orchard, 1794
First noted settler in county Thomas M Clark on 640 acres in Crab Orchard area
Built a stand on Walton Road
Four hundred settlers in county, 1830
Pineview School
Old School Building
Midway School
Abel Opened: September 6, 1899 Closed: December 28, 1899
Adams Ford Opened: June 13, 1911 Closed: January 31, 1913
Benedict Opened: February 2, 1924 Closed: July 31, 1931
Big Lick Opened: October 4, 1875 Closed: April 30, 1955
Blairton Opened: November 19, 1878 Closed: November 14, 1879
Burke Opened: June 5, 1890 Closed: April 16, 1942
Chadbourne Opened: October 3, 1890 Closed: October 21, 1891
Crab Orchard Opened: August 3, 1860
Reopened: April 12, 1886
Closed: November 27, 1867
Reclosed: Operating
Creston Opened: January 14, 1891 Closed: April 30, 1951
Crossville Opened: April 7, 1856 Closed: Operating
Daddy’s Creek Opened: December 12, 1876
Reopened: October 14, 1926
Closed: January 23, 1885
Reclosed: May 14, 1934
Daysville Opened: June 3, 1901
Reopened: November 1, 1930
Closed: September 1, 1927
Reclosed: June 30, 1936
Dorton Opened: July 20, 1904
Reopened: June 4, 1920
Closed: February 15, 1918
Reclosed: December 31, 1925
Dripping Springs Opened: May 11, 1904
Reopened: June 9, 1908
Closed: January 31, 1905
Erasmus Opened: May 17, 1880 Closed: July 15, 1919
Falling Springs Opened: April 10, 1871
Reopened: October 15, 1874
Closed: June 9, 1873
Reclosed: September 27, 1875
Gang Opened: June 9, 1900 Closed: July 31, 1914
Genesis Opened: August 2, 1876 Closed: September 15, 1937
Goodstock Opened: May 1, 1905 Closed: July 16, 1906
Goodwill Opened: March 15, 1895 Closed: April 4, 1900
Grassy Cove Opened: April 7, 1856
Reopened: February 9, 1871
Closed: July 25, 1856
Reclosed: September 30, 1936
Halfway Opened: December 28, 1883 Closed: April 16, 1894
Hebbertsburg Opened: June 15, 1866 Closed: April 30, 1945
Hedgecoth Opened: March 9, 1920
Reopened: February 24, 1932
Closed: October 31, 1923
Reclosed: November 15, 1941
Howard Springs Opened: April 28, 1873
Reopened: August 20, 1889
Reopened: March 8, 1902
Closed: December 13, 1887
Reclosed: August 8, 1894
Reclosed: July 30, 1904
Hyder Opened: August 19, 1892
Reopened: September 13, 1902
Closed: June 20, 1894
Reclosed: April 30, 1912
Isoline Opened: October 2, 1900 Closed: January 31, 1935
Jewett Opened: September 20, 1889 Closed: December 13, 1894
Jewitt Opened: December 15, 1904 Closed: November 15, 1905
Kimmers Stand Opened: September 21, 1868 Closed: February 8, 1871
Lantana Opened: May 3, 1880
Reopened: June 17, 1889
Reopened: May 19, 1915
Reopened: April 7, 1922
Closed: April 8, 1887
Reclosed: March 15, 1915
Reclosed: December 31, 1920
Reclosed: April 30, 1930
Linaria Opened: May 12, 1881 Closed: October 31, 1907
Linary Opened: June 9, 1917 Closed: April 30, 1955
Lochray Opened: October 27, 1902 Closed: November 20, 1902
Lowenthal Opened: July 6, 1909 Closed: April 1, 1916
Mammy Opened: February 10, 1880 Closed: September 20, 1894
Maple Springs Opened: February 2, 1858 Closed: July 1, 1868
Mayland Opened: April 4, 1900 Closed: Operating
Millstone Opened: April 27, 1900
Reopened: October 22, 1901
Closed: August 22, 1900
Reclosed: June 30, 1905
Mount Gilead Opened: July 20, 1874
Reopened: January 28, 1884
Closed: May 8, 1882
Reclosed: March 20, 1894
Music Opened: September 4, 1890 Closed: July 5, 1892
Never Fail Opened: November 13, 1882 Closed: April 30, 1909
Newton Opened: October 5, 1889 Closed: August 15, 1916
Northville Opened: July 24, 1878 Closed: August 30, 1902
Otter Creek Opened: September 20, 1902 Closed: September 30, 1916
Owl Hill Opened: October 26, 1866
Reopened: July 29, 1867
Closed: December 4, 1866
Reclosed: August 17, 1871
Ozone Opened: September 20, 1894 Closed: Operating
Peavine Opened: June 9, 1900 Closed: October 31, 1949
Peay Opened: July 31, 1926 Closed: February 28, 1942
Pierpax Opened: October 31, 1922 Closed: May 14, 1924
Pleasant Hill Opened: March 9, 1858
Reopened: January 8, 1861
Reopened: February 13, 1868
Closed: October 30, 1860
Reclosed: February 20, 1864
Reclosed: Operating
Pomona Opened: May 14, 1857 Closed: April 30, 1928
Pomona Road Opened: June 13, 1901 Closed: June 15, 1925
Renfro Opened: September 6, 1901
Reopened: June 22, 1907
Closed: April 14, 1904
Reclosed: October 15, 1915
Rinnie Opened: July 1, 1920
Reopened: July 23, 1932
Closed: September 8, 1925
Reclosed: September 30, 1935
Sandy Mills Opened: April 7, 1856 Closed: June 20, 1867
Save Opened: December 14, 1903 Closed: February 29, 1904
Sutton Opened: June 22, 1907 Closed: August 31, 1913
Thistle Opened: September 16, 1913 Closed: January 31, 1915
Vandever Opened: June 9, 1900 Closed: July 14, 1934
Verdie Opened: December 22, 1887 Closed: August 31, 1913
Waldensia Opened: November 24, 1902
Reopened: September 1, 1927
Closed: July 15, 1927
Reclosed: November 1, 1930
Watson Opened: August 25, 1904 Closed: January 14, 1930
Welch Station Opened: January 5, 1905 Closed: November 30, 1912
Westal Opened: July 15, 1896 Closed: September 14, 1973
Whitehead Opened: August 10, 1892 Closed: January 16, 1893
Winesap Opened: June 12, 1882
Reopened: February 26, 1886
Closed: November 10, 1885
Reclosed: April 30, 1955
Woody Opened: February 21, 1887 Closed: February 28, 1914
Wyatt Opened: September 4, 1890 Closed: February 12, 1894
Yellow Creek Opened: April 7, 1856 Closed: June 15, 1866
Indian Settlement
Cumberland Plateau uninhabited by permanent settlements
Was hunting ground for Shawnee, Chickasaws, Choctaws, and Cherokees
Cherokee settlements were east of Tennessee River
Early Spanish explorer
Penetrated as far north as Chattanooga, 1541
Claimed area as Spanish possession
James Needham
Sent by Virginia trader to scout trade with Cherokee Indians, 1673
Established Mississippi Valley territory for France, 1682 |
Named area Louisiana Territory
Built Fort Prud'Homme near Memphis
Became the first white man's building in Tennessee
Eleazer Wiggin
An English trader in area, 1711
M Charleville
A French Trader from New Orleans
Built store on French Lick Creek 1714
James Adair
Traveled with Indians 1730
Wrote book, "A History of the American Indians"
Published in London 1775
Dr Thomas Wather
Sent to explore by Loyal Land Co of Virginai
Named Cumberland Mountains, Cumberland Gap, and Cumberland River
In honor of the Duke of Cumberland, Prime Minister of England
Elisha Walden
Lead party of long hunters in area 1761
Named Walden Ridge which forms eastern edge of Cumberland Plateau
First white settlement in Tennessee
Established by Willaim Bean
Built cabin on Boone's
Fort Loudon
Built 1756
Destroyed by Indians, 1760
Daniel Boone
Explored frontier
Had a home on Yadkin River
Commissioned by Richard Henderson's Land Co, 1764
Marked trail to Kentucky through Cumberland Gap
Henry Scoggins
Explored frontier
Worked for Henderson's Land Co
Followed Boone's exploration
Took boat down Cumberland River
Settled at Mansker's Lick near Nashville
Other late 1700's explorers
John Rains, Kasper Mansker, Abraham Bledsoe, Obediah (Obey) Terril, Uriah Stone,
Henry Smith, Ned Cowan, Jospeh

Holliday, Thomas Sharpe Spencer
Four settlements by 1771
South Fork of Holston, Carter's Valley, Watauga Valley, Nolichucky River Valley
Settlers founded Watuga Association
Wrote first constitution in America claiming freedom
James Robertson became Watuga leader
Richard Henderson
Bought land from Cherokee Indians
Hired James Robertson in Watauga to guide settlers through Cumberland Gap
Built fort at Bledsoe's Lick (Castillain Springs)
James Robertson
Returned to Watauga
Organized another group of settlers
Traveled west again through Cumberland Gap
John Donelson took 30 boats down Cumberland River
Parties met and settled in Nashboro (Now Nashville)
Battle of Kings Mountain
Defeated British attempts at controlling area
North Carolina
Established Washington Co 1777
Covered boundaries of Tennessee
Davidson Co created 1783
Included Cumberland Mountains to Tennessee River
Ceded Western Lands to Congress
Leaders met to discuss formation of new state in Jonesboro area, 1784
After three meetings state of Frankland was formed 1784
Later called Franklin
John Sevier elected governor
Franklin ended March 1788
North Carolina again ceded area to Congress, December 1789
Area called "Territory South of the Ohio River"
William Blount named Governor
Blount negotiated Treaty of Holston with Indians
Western part of Fentress County in Sumner Co, North Carolina, 1786 to 1796
Tennessee made state, 1796
Admitted to Union after 60,000 people were counted in area
Buckcreek Ranch/Sawmill House
Homes of Crab Orchard Homestead House H R Webb Home
Built 1906
Freedom House
Built for wheel chair accessability
127 South Church of Christ Alloway Missionary Baptist Apostolic Lighthouse Church Baker's Crossroad Free Will Baptist
Bethelehem Baptist Bible Baptist Calvary Missionary Baptist Christ Luthuran Church
Claysville United Methodist Clear Creek Baptist Creston Independent Baptist Cumberland Freewill Baptist
Cumberland View Baptist Dogwood Baptist Dorton Christian Assembly Dripping Springs Baptist
Drysville Baptist Drysville Church of Christ Fairfield Evangelical Free Church Fairfield Glade Baptist
Fairfield Glade Church of Christ Fairfield Glade Community Church Fairfield Glade United Methodist Fairview Baptist
Fredona Baptist Friendship Baptist Grace Independent Baptist Grassy Cove Methodist
Land donated by John Ford, Sr
Church established 1803
Griver's Chapel Baptist Hales Chapel Higher Ground Church of God Homestead Church of Christ
Homestead United Methodist Isoline Missionary Baptist Lawrence Chapel Church of God Liberty Baptist
Linary Church of Christ Mt Morian Fellowship
Mt Pisgah Baptist
Mt Vernal Independent Missionary Baptist
Mt Zion Baptist Mt Zion Free Will Baptist Mayland Baptist Mayland Church of Christ
Mayland Church of God Mayland Church of the Nazarene Meadowcreek Baptist Meridian Baptist
Morning Star Freewill Baptist Mountain View Southern Baptist New Home Church of Christ Newton Church of Christ
Ozone Baptist Parham's Chapel Methodist
Built 1907
Pine Grove Church of God Plateau Baptist
Plateau Missionary Baptist Pleasant Hill Church of Christ Pomona Full Gospel Pomona Missionary Baptist
Reed's Chapel Church of God Ridgedale Freewill Baptist
Rinnie Baptist St Francis Catholic
Slate Springs Baptist Steven's Gap Church of Christ Taylor's Chapel Methodist
Established 1873
Tolletts Chapel Methodist
Trinity Baptist
Vandever Missionary Baptist
Westel Baptist Winesap Freewill Baptist
Established 1853
Zion Hill Baptist      
Bolin Cemetery    Davis Cemetery Forest Hill Cemetery   Haley's Grove Cemetery/Bill Kermer Memorial Park Hebbertsburg Cemetery Reed Cemetery
Cumberland Medical Center 811 S Main St - Crossville
Established 1950
216 beds
Served 50,187 patients in 1993
Cumberland Co Hospital
Uplands Nursing Home
Cumberland County Playhouse
Located on Holiday Dr W off US Hwy 70 S
Number one indoor tourist attraction in the Cumberland Mountains
All seats reserved
A nationally recognized professional theater
Features Broadway productions
First play, Perils of Pinocchio, performed 1963
Playhouse building completed 1965
A 25,000 square foot addition made to building
Nearly 100,000 people attend performances each year
Grassy Cove Community Center Go-cart track
Senior Citizens Center Was formerly old church building
Hebbertsburg Community Center Arthur Kilgore Stadium
Crab Orchard Recreational Park Facilities: Play ground, Basketball, Volley Ball, Tennis
Cumberland Mountain State Park Royal Rangers Outpost 134
Recreation facilities: Basketball, Playground, Volleyball
Garrison Park Ball fields
Cumberland County Youth Center Facilities: Gym, ball field, soccer, playground
Cumberland County Obey River Park  
Clyde M York 4-H Training Center Contains 200 acres
Founded 1952
Features two lakes with boating facilities
Recreational activities include:
Miniature golf
Nature trails
Has accommodations for 400 people
Mount Roosevelt State Forest Located in extreme eastern corner of county
Trails available for hiking and backpacking
Features spectacular scenic views
Meadow Park Lake 500 acres
Contains one of best fishing lakes in state
No buildings visible from shores of lake
Cumberland County Community Complex Located on Hwy 70 N, one mile from courthouse
Features rodeo and and fair facilities
Recreation facilities include: playground, picnic area, walking trails, and walk/jog trails
Obed City-County Park
Caryonah Hunting Lodge and Preserve
Tennessee's oldest and largest private hunting preserve
Upper Cumberland Sporting Clays
Tennessee's first National Sporting Clays Association range
Meadow Park Lake
City Lake Rd
500 acre lake
Camping available
Nakanawa Camp Open since 1920
Private camp for girls
Open to family, church, and business groups during spring and autumn
Square Miles 679
Acres 434,560
Miles of City Streets 70.01
Miles of County Roads 662.32
1860 - 3,382 free inhabitants, 9 foreign birth, 18 negros
Two were blind, 6 insane, 6 "idiots", one pauper, no convicts
1870 3,461
1880 4,538
1890 5,376
1900 8,311
1910 9,327
1920 10,094
1930 11,140
1940 15,592
1950 18,877
1960 19,135
1970 20,733
1980 28,676
1990 34,736
Feet 1,980 Ft (Average)
Yearly Average 54 F
January Average High 39 F
July Average High 82 F
January Average Low 21 F
July Average Low 64 F
Freeze Free Days 180
Yearly Average Rainfall 52 in
Yearly Average Snowfall 12 in